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Nicole B. Cignoli - Capstone Portfolio

ILS 506-S70 Information Analysis and Organization

Eino Sierpe, Ph.D.

Assignment 2 Shelflisting and Subject Analysis

April 10, 2009


Below is a shelflist for Doris Lessing, Library of Congress class number PR6023.E833, consisting of bibliographic records representing twenty (20) different works written by Lessing and twenty (20) different works written about her.


PR6023.E833 A15 1978


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

Collected stories / Doris Lessing. –-

London : J. Cape, 1978.



PR6023.E833 A6 1988


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

[Selections. 1988]

The Doris Lessing reader. -- 1st ed. –-

New York : Knopf, 1988.



PR6023.E833 A69 1981


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

African stories / by Doris Lessing –-

1st Touchstone ed. -- New York, N.Y. :

Simon and Schuster, 1981.



PR6023.E833 A78 2008


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

Alfred and Emily / Doris Lessing. -- 1st U.S. ed. –- New York, N.Y. : Harper, c2008.



PR6023.E833 B46 2000


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

Ben, in the world : the sequel to The fifth child / Doris Lessing. -- 1st ed. –- New York : HarperCollins, c2000.


PR6023.E833 C4734


Holmquist, Ingrid, 1943-.

From society to nature : a study of Doris Lessingís Children of violence / by Ingrid Holmquist. -- GŲteborg, Sweden : Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, 1980.


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919-. Children of violence. 2. Women and literature –-Africa –-History –20th century.



PR6023.E833 C54 2007


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-. 
The cleft / Doris May Lessing -– 
New York : Harper Collins, c2007.



PR6023.E833 F54 1988


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

The fifth child ;/ by Doris Lessing. -- 1st ed.

–- New York : A. A. Knopf, 1988.



PR6023.E833 F58 1953


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

Five : short novels / by Doris Lessing. –-

London : M. Joseph, 1953.



PR6023.E833 F65 1959


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.
[Selections. 1959]
Fourteen poems / Doris Lessing. –- 1st ed. -– Northwood, Middlesex : Scorpion Press, c1959. 



PR6023.E833 G65 1984


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

The golden notebook / Doris Lessing. –-

New York : Simon and Schuster, 1984, c1962. (Back to the top)


PR6023.E833 G65155 1978


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

[Golden Notebook. Hebrew]

Mahberet ha-zahav / Doris Lesing [sic] ; [tirgemah me-Anglit G. Aryokh]. -- Tel Aviv : Am oved, 1978.

Translation of: The golden notebook.



PR6023.E833 G6533 1989


Approaches to teaching Lessingís The golden notebook / edited by Carey Kaplan & Ellen Cronan Rose. -– New York : Modern Language Association of America, 1989. 


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919-. Golden notebook.

2. Lessing, Doris May, 1919- --Study and teaching.



PR6023.E833 G6535 1996


Danziger, Marie A.

Text/countertext : postmodern paranoia in

Samuel Beckett, Doris Lessing, and Philip Roth /

Marie A. Danziger. -- New York : P. Lang, c1996.


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919-. Golden notebook.

2. Narration (Rhetoric) --History --20th century.

3. Beckett, Samuel, 1906-1989. Malone meurt.

4. Roth, Philip. Counterlife. 5. Postmodernism (Literature).


PR6023.E833 G66 1985


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

The good terrorist / Doris Lessing. –-

1st American ed. –- New York : Knopf :

Distributed by Random House, 1985. (Back to the top)



PR6023.E833 G6618 2001


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

[The good terrorist. Spanish]

La buena terrorista / Doris Lessing ;

[traducciůn de Mireia Bofill]. –- Madrid :

Suma de Letras, c2001.

Translation of: Good terrorist.


PR6023.E833 G69 2003


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

The grandmothers : four short novels /

Doris Lessing. -- 1st U.S. ed. -– New York : HarperCollins Publishers, c2003.



PR6023.E833 L68 1996


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

Love, again : a novel / Doris Lessing. –-

1st U.S. ed. –- New York : HarperCollins Publishers, c1996.



PR6023.E833 L6814 1998


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

[Love, again : a novel. French]

Líamour, encore : roman / Doris Lessing ;

traduit de líanglis [sic] par Anne Rabinovitch. -– Paris : Albin Michel, [1998].

Translation of: Love, again.



PR6023.E833 M38 1991


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

Martha Quest : a complete novel from Doris Lessingís masterwork Children of violence. –-

New York, N.Y. : Plume, [1991].



PR6023.E833 M46 1988


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

The memoirs of a survivor / Doris Lessing. –-

1st Vintage Books ed. -– New York : Vintage Books, 1998, c1974.


PR6023.E833 T56 2005


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

Time bites : views and reviews / Doris Lessing.

–- New York : HarperCollins, [2005], c2004.


PR6023.E833 Z46 1994


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

Doris Lessing : conversations / edited by Earl G. Ingersoll. –- Princeton, N.J. : Ontario Review Press ; New York : Distributed by G. Braziller, c1994.


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919- --Interviews.

2. Authors, English --20th century –Interviews.(Back to the top)



PR6023.E833 Z477 1994


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

Under my skin / Doris Lessing. -- 1st U.S. ed. –- New York : HarperCollins, 1994.

ďVolume one of my autobiography, to 1949.Ē


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

2. Women authors, English –-20th century –-Biography.


PR6023.E833 Z478 1997


Lessing, Doris May, 1919-.

Walking in the shade : volume two of my autobiography, 1949-1962 / by Doris Lessing. –-

1st ed. -– New York : HarperCollinsPublishers, c1997.

ďVolume two of my autobiography, 1949-1962.Ē Volume 1 : Under my skin.


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919-. 2. Women communists --England --London --Biography.


PR6023.E833 Z582 1999


Brucker, Barbara S.

Das Ganze, dessen Teile wir sind : zu Tradition und Erfahrung des inneren Raumes bei Doris Lessing / Barbara S. Brucker. –- Wurzburg : Konigshausen & Neumann, c1999.


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919- --Criticism and interpretation.


PR6023.E833 Z583 1987


Budhos, Shirley.      

The theme of enclosure in selected works of Doris Lessing / by Shirley Budhos. –- Troy, N.Y. :

Whitson Pub. Co., 1987.


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919- --Criticism and interpretation.


PR6023.E833 Z584 1982


Bugliani, Francesca, 1953-.

      La discesa agli inferi : la narrativa di Doris Lessing / Francesca Bugliani. –- Pisa : ETS, c1982.

Italian and English.


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919- --Criticism and interpretation.


PR6023.E833 Z59 1984


Dahlhaus-Beilner, Barbara.

Wahnsinn : Symptom und Befreiung : Funktion und narrative Vermittlung extremen Irrationalismus im Werk Doris Lessings / von Barbara Dahlhaus-Beilner. –- Amsterdam : Gruner, 1984.

Summary in English.


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919- --Knowledge --Psychology. 2. Psychological fiction, English --History and criticism.


PR6023.E833 Z62 1988


Doris Lessing : the alchemy of survival /

edited by Carey Kaplan and Ellen Cronan Rose. -- [Athens, Ohio] : Ohio University Press, c1988.


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919- --Criticism and interpretation.


PR6023.E833 Z67 1997


Galin, MŁge.

Between East and West : Sufism in the novels of Doris Lessing / MŁge Galin. –- Albany :

State University of New York Press, c1997.


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919- --Religion.

2. Sufism in literature.


PR6023.E833 Z675 2003


GarcŪa Navarro, Carmen.

La vejez como materia literaria en la narrativa reciente de Doris Lessing / Carmen GarcŪaĀa Navarro. -- AlmerŪa : Universidad de AlmerŪa, Servicio de Publicaciones, c2003.


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919- --Characters –-Older people.



PR6023.E833 Z68 1994


Greene, Gayle, 1943-.

Doris Lessing : the poetics of change /

Gayle Greene. –- Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press, c1994.


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919- --Criticism and interpretation.



PR6023.E833 Z72 1985


Kellerman, Henryk, 1952.

Die Weltanschauung im Romanwerk von Doris Lessing / Henryk Kellermann. –- Frankfurt am Main ; New York : P. Lang, c1985.


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919- --Philosophy.


PR6023.E833 Z723 2000


Klein, Carole.

Doris Lessing : a biography / Carole Klein. -- 1st Carrol & Graf ed. –- New York : Carrol & Graf, 2000.


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919-. 2. Women novelists, English –-20th century –-Biography.


PR6023.E833 Z78 1982


Notebooks, memoirs, archives : reading and rereading Doris Lessing / edited by Jenny Taylor. –- Boston : Routledge & Keagan Paul, 1982.


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919- --Criticism and interpretation.


PR6023.E833 Z82 1990


Pickering, Jean.

Understanding Doris Lessing / by Jean Pickering. -– Columbia, S.C. : University of South Carolina Press, c1990.


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919- --Criticism and interpretation.


PR6023.E833 Z85 1994


Rowe, Margaret Moan.

Doris Lessing / Margaret Moan Rowe. –- New York : St. Martinís Press, 1994.


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919- --Criticism and interpretation.


PR6023.E833 Z89 1977


Singleton, Mary Ann.

The city and the veld : the fiction of Doris Lessing / May Ann Singleton. –- Lewisburg [Pa.] : Bucknell University Press, c1977.


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919- --Criticism and interpretation.


PR6023.E833 Z897 1987


Sprague, Claire.
Rereading Doris Lessing : narrative patterns of doubling and repetition / Claire Sprague. –- 
Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, c1987. 

1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919- --Technique.

2. Repetition (Rhetoric). 3. Narration (Rhetoric).


PR6023.E833 Z92 1973


Thorpe, Michael.

Doris Lessing. Edited by Ian Scott-Kilvert / Michael Thorpe. -– [Harlow, Eng.] : Published for the British Council by Longman Group, [1973].


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919- --Criticism and interpretation.


PR6023.E833 Z93 1994


Twiste, Regina, 1960-.

Die Evolutionsthematik in Doris Lessings

"Space Fiction" / Regina Twiste. –

Frankfurt am Main ; New York : P. Lang, c1994.


1. Lessing, Doris May, 1919- --Knowledge --Science. 2. Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882 -–Influence.

3. Science fiction, English -–History and criticism. 4. Evolution (Biology) in literature. (Back to the top)


To create the shelflist of Doris Lessingís works, I selected bibliographic records highlighting key points in her career. The selections represent twenty (20) different works written by Lessing and twenty (20) different works written about her. Doris Lessing is a prolific writer of short stories, poems, plays, essays, novels, and autobiographies. Her writings fall within many different genres such as communism, feminism, and science fiction. In addition, Lessing wrote about the cultural inequities of Zimbabwe, where she grew up with her family, and about women rebelling against socially acceptable behavior, which parallels her own life. In fact, her most important contribution is The Golden Notebook (1962) as it influenced the doctrine of the womenís liberation movement in the 1960ís. Her science fiction work in Children of Violence and The Canopus in Argos series incorporate Sufist precepts, which are concerned with the union of the soul with a Higher Being. Lessing's fiction is commonly divided into three distinct phases: the Communist theme (1944-1956), when she was writing radically on social issues (and returned to in The Good Terrorist (1985)), the psychological theme (1956-1969), and after that the Sufi theme, which was explored in a science fiction setitbusng in the Canopus series (Doris Lessing website, 2008). In addition to the twenty-three awards and recognitions received during her lifetime, Lessing received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2007.

Based on her expanse of work, the Library of Congress classification system assigned her One Cutter Number, PR6023.E833. In order to determine this information, I searched her name in the Library of Congressí (LC) Authorities. Her Authority Record is Lessing, Doris May, 1919-. The One Cutter Number is derived from Library of Congress Classification outline, Class P -Language and Literature. The subclass PR1–9680 is reserve for English literature. The range PR6000 to 6049 is for the years 1900-1960 corresponding to the most prolific years of an authorís work. Then Lessing is placed alphabetically by surname at 23. Lessingís two works from the 1980ís penned under the pseudonym Jane Somers are cross-referenced back to PR6023.E833. (Back to the top)

Building the Shelflist

Searching the LC Authority Records by Call Number or LC Classification Number for PR6023.E833 yielded 100 entries. The Author/Creator Browse of ĎLessing, Dorisí retrieved 138 items while a Subject Keyword search resulted in thirty LC Subject headings such as bibliography, biography, criticisms and interpretation, family, family fiction, Golden Notebook, interviews, knowledge of Africa, political and social views, and philosophy illustrating the diversity of her work.


Based on these results, I began my search in my local libraryís catalog and through the libraryís link to Bibliomation and iCONN where I was able to locate most of my entries for Separate Works. However, to locate Collected Works, Selections, Translations and Criticisms, I searched the following catalogs: CONSULS, WorldCat, Library of Congress, Princeton Universityís OPAC, and BibliothŤque National de France (BNF). I searched MARC fields 050 for the LC classification number, 100 for Lessing as the author, and 600 for Lessing as the first subject heading entry to confirm a workís place within the shelf.


Once collected, I organized the material sequentially by complete call number per the Table for Literary Authors with One Cutter Number (P-PZ40) and the Preferred Shelflist Order-Individual Authors Table enabling correct placement in each sub-arrangement category as well as verifying I had a representation of Lessingís work. According to Table P-PZ40, an authorís material is classified and then assigned its correct position relative to other works already in the collection by date, by title or by author. I cuttered and verified each call number retrieved and, using Table P-PZ40, I cross-referenced my findings to the tableís precise sub-arrangement.

The first sub-arrangement, Collected works, entails the totality of an authorís work up to the point of publication. The catalogs searched began with Lessingís Collected Stories as their only entry in this sub-arrangement and I was unable to locate a translation of this sole material, even in BnFís catalog. Selected works consist of excerpts or chapters taken from a single individual work collected into one publication. Many catalogs have The Doris Lessing Reader (1988) in this second sub-arrangement. Because Table P-PZ40 stipulated specific call number ranges for each sub-arrangement, it was not necessary to cutter these entries.

Separate works and their translations were the easiest materials to locate as were Criticisms of Separate works; which are mostly of Children of Violence and The Golden Notebook whose themes and subjects are two of her most analyzed works in many languages. In my shelflist, Separate works begins with African Stories, as it is a collection of individual stories, not all of Lessingís works. After cuttering each materialís call number, most Cutter numbers remained the consistent with LC complete call numbers. For instance, Alfred and Emily actually cutter to .xA44, but the Separate works sub-arrangement must begin with .xA61 per Table P-PZ40. So Alfred and Emilyís call number had to be compressed to .xA78 to fit within the range. Then I crosschecked the call number to the P Classification Table XL, Guide I: Individual Works. This table instructs a title that begins with Ag-Al must fall within .A71-79 so Alfred and Emily are cuttered properly and logically to the high-end of this range based on the second letter of Alfred, the ĎLí. The Library of Congress call number for The Cleft is .xC64. This is an interpretative number as the second letter after the first consonant, the ĎLí, does not have a corresponding number in the Cutter Table and falls between the numbers 5 and 6. LC rounded the number up to 6. In both instances, by using personal judgment, LC has allowed for expansion within each sub-arrangement.

In an effort to maintain a two-digit Cutter number, I extended The Golden Notebookís LC call number to .xG65 to which I added the appropriate extension for translations, .x155 for the Hebrew translation per the Translation Table and .35 for the criticism entry. I changed the LC call number on Love, Again to L68 from L47 as it appears the Library of Congress used Lessingís Cutter number, L47, instead of the actual titleís Cutter number to determine placement within their collection. Another discrepancy between my cuttering and the LC call number happened with The Grandmothers: Four Short Novels. I cuttered this work to G75 versus G69, however it appears LC put this work at G69 because The Grass is Singing cuttered to G73. Based on the possibility of adding The Grass is Singing to my shelflist, I maintained the LC complete call number G69. (Back to the top)

I was unable to locate Criticisms of criticisms, only general or grouped critical analysis with other contemporary authors. As well I was unable to locate dictionaries, indexes or correspondence under Lessingís One Cutter Number, however I was able to locate Autobiographical material and General works about Lessing. Lessingís autobiographical works are compressed to fit within the sub-arrangementís range, .xZ46-479. Although I reduced Doris Lessing: Conversationsí call number to two-digits, Z46, I left the other two selectionsí LC call numbers the same in order to keep the works within the range. The General works classification sub-arrangementís range is .Z5-999. After placing the authors in alphabetical order as directed by the Shelflist Order for Individual Authors, I cross-checked the call numbers to the .Z5-.Z999 Table which suggests approximate range of second cutters for the main entry of works of criticisms from the P-PZ40 Table. As .Z5 begins the range of a-g, it appears that LC chose .Z58 as the base for authors whose last names begin with the letter ĎBí and write about Lessing. Then LC added an Arabic number, starting with the number two, to expand the call number and maintain sequential author-order. However, LC executed some flexibility within the sub-arrangement because in some call numbers the Cutter number flows into the next author range. For instance, one work by Greene should have been placed between .Z5-.Z59 for the a-g range. However its Cutter number, .Z68, actually belongs in the next range for h-l, .Z6-.Z69. It seems that LC placed the previous authors so high within the ĎBí range, the ranges shifted upwards as needed within the collection.


Once call numbers were cuttered with dates, material fell easily in classification order with works by Lessing at the top of the shelflist and works about Lessing at the bottom. By cuttering the Library of Congress call number, one can understand the catalogerís logic behind the establishment of a call number within the existing collectionís classification scheme and can make the determination to classify a particular work as subscribed or to create a call number based on the individual libraryís needs and usage. LC classification schedules provide very specific instructions to determine a materialís exact position in relation to other material in the collection and within each sub-classification.

Unfortunately, the instructions are too rigid and do not promote enough flexibility within sub-arrangements as in the .Z5-999 sub-arrangement where the cuttering of the authorsí last names had certain authors falling within the next alphabetical range. MARC record fields for main entry, uniform title and subject heading help determine the context of the work along with the Cutter number ensure a particular works correct placement within the shelflist. If there is a discrepancy or misunderstanding on the content of the work and where it could fit within the context of the collection, it is important to read the subject headings and to cross reference with other catalogs. This was helpful to me when analyzing Time Bites, because its subject headings state Books-Reviews. However, after reviewing other catalog  and resources, I determined that this is a collection of Lessingís reviews of other authors, not collected reviews of her, so I placed it in Separate works.

Although a shelflist is mainly an inventory of a libraryís materials, an accurate description of the work and correct completion of MARC records including main entry and subject headings is vitally important to determine its classification, placement and label of a work within the collection. This improves the browsing quality of a libraryís collection of related works and themes. (Back to the top)


from the pamphlet: A Reader's Guide to The Golden Notebook & Under My Skin,
HarperPerennial, 1995. Retrieved March 29, 2009 from


ILS 506 ~ Core Competencies ~ Courses ~ Reflections ~ Resume ~ Contact Me